The law enforcement agencies in the US are doing a great job within the shores of this country. Crimes committed in the US are scrupulously investigated; the offenders are indicted and charged to court. If they are found guilty, they are convicted and sentenced in accordance with the provisions of the law. Law enforcement agencies in the US also operate outside the shores of this country. Under international law, US law enforcement agencies can ask for the extradition of its citizens who commit crimes overseas. Such citizens are brought back home to face the wrath of the law.
Civil and Criminal Cases
In some cases, crime overseas involve American companies operating in other countries. In some African countries, foreign companies have to bribe government officials before contracts are awarded to these firms. There are also instances where influential government officials receive kickbacks for contracts awarded to foreign firms. Clearly, this is against the law. Even if the country in question does not take action against these companies and their local collaborators, the American legal system may institute criminal and civil proceedings. For instance, if an American company operating in Africa or the Middle East is guilty of gross misconduct, the company can be sued in the USA and the court will sanction the company. In addition, directors of these companies can be sued in their personal capacity under American law. If such people are found guilty, they will pay huge fines or face a prison sentence.
Class Action Suits
In some cases, a class action suit may be instituted against American companies that are guilty of gross violations in a foreign land. For instance, an American oil company might be indicted in a foreign country for causing environmental pollution due to gas flaring. An oil spill may lead to polluted rivers and streams. If the local people (farmers and fishermen) do not have the resources to sue the oil company in the country where they operate, a legal firm in the US can take up the matter on their behalf. In this case, the oil company can be sued in an American court. If the company is found guilty, the American legal system will compel the firm to pay both punitive and exemplary damages to the affected community.
The American legal system is very effective. American law enforcement agents and officials of the Ministry of Justice ensure that crimes committed in the US and overseas do not go unpunished.